Aside from being an allegory for the monumental pain and suffering experienced by those who are near and dear to the innocent child victims of the deathly ritual as well as of the triumph of good over evil, it presents allegories about:
(1) morality where each character represents a virtue or vice;
(2) society as it hints at the deep divide between the rich and the poor as well as equality, nepotism, fairness, and justice;
(3) religion with regard to what the characters choose to put their faith in;
(4) human character with regard to bravery, loyalty, and tenacity as well as their antithetical opposites.